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Psalms Chapter 139


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Richard H Priday's Psalms Chapter 139 comment on 5/07/2022, 8:24am...

These verses by David show God's design before birth (verse 5-6) as well as in the future whether in heaven or hell (verse 8). There are some who would read the verses in Jonah and indicate that indeed he was dead under the earth (with his body remaining in the whale but his soul in sheol) in Jonah 2:6. The passages referring to the lowest hell being underneath the mountains also exist in Deut. 32:22.

Whatever the actual case in Jonah; for God's CHOSEN people He is certainly with them and cannot escape His presence. What is different; of course with believers and those NOT written in the Book of Life is that any grace is withdrawn; all are naked in Sheol for the wicked (Job 26:6). For now; captivity has been taken captive; and there is no compartment anymore for the righteous in hell; for to be "absent from the body is to be present with the Lord." (2 Cor. 5:8); see also Eph. 4:8; Psalm 68:18. Verses 15-18 continue to describe God's foreknowledge and unlimited wisdom. Immediately after this; there is an impreccatory section in v. 19-22; followed by David's plea to discipline or chastise Him at the end of the Psalm to remove any wickedness; which He does to prune all of His saints. (Hebrews 12:6; Rev. 3:19).

In order to have such an attitude of perfect love and perfect HATRED; we need to have His perfect righteousness. Therefore; we learn to love what He loves (which is against the flesh and it's desires); and hate what He hates as the Spirit and His Word reveal to us. It is not sinners themselves but sin in general as well as the god of this world that are our enemies. This will come when Isaiah 24:21 is fulfilled. David had his faults; but He spent much time meditating and praising the Lord and was himself a humble man from the start. When he did sin; he would acknowledge it without resistance when confronted with it. Without Nathan the prophet and God's chastisement with the census who knows how much more debased David could have become


Philip Christian Parks's Psalms Chapter 139 comment on 3/28/2022, 12:09pm...

"Do not I (the Psalmist) hate them, O LORD, them that hate THEE (The LORD)" (Ps. 139:21) =

The Psalmist presented this question rhetorically. Here, both occurrences of "hate" translate from the same Hebrew verb root (transliterated "sane"; pronounced "saw-NAY").

Both "hatreds" are personal, hating GOD's enemies' personally and their very existence. The wicked intensely hate the PERSON of The LORD. Responsively, the Psalmist hates the person who hates The LORD. The grammatical verb patterns affect the interpretations.

The hate of the Psalmist is a Qal stem verb, meaning the action is a simple fact without further description of degree. The same Psalmist expressed the same sentiment in another Psalm (Ps. 31:6):

"I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in The LORD."

The hate of those that hate The LORD is a Piel stem verb, meaning they hate more intensely and intentionally. The wicked hate aggressively and act out their emotional hatred with violence when they "rise up" (v.21) against The LORD.

In The New Testament, CHRIST commanded Christians to respond to hatred with love, blessings, good deeds, and prayer (Mt. 5:44; Lu. 6:28). Yet, Christian love and hate do not mutually exclude one another. A true, mature, spiritual Christian is equipped to love and hate the wicked simultaneously and equally.

Due to the enemies' thorough wickedness (v.19), and of their expressed ill-use of The LORD's PERSON and of HIS NAME (v.20), and of their hatred toward HIM, obviously the next expectation is their hostile rebellion and forceful attack against HIM ("rise up against"; v.21).

The qualifying term "perfect" in the expression "perfect hatred" (v.22) is synonymous with "complete" and "absolute". They were the Psalmist's "enemies" because they hate The LORD (v.21).


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